“Mediterranean Cultures” — Syllabus

ICCS-Catania, Fall 2008

Mediterranean Cultures: Greeks, Sicels, Phoenicians & Romans in Sicily

Nigel Nicholson & Matt Panciera

Tues 9-11, Fri field trip


Week I & II: Greek Colonization I: Megara Hyblaea

Tues I Robin Osborne, “Early Greek Colonization? The Nature of Greek Settlement in the West,” Archaic Greece: New Approaches and New Evidence, eds. Nick Fisher and Hans Van Wees (Duckworth, 1997), 251-69

Irad Malkin, “Exploring the Concept of ‘Foundation’: A Visit to Megara Hyblaia,” in Oikistes: Studies in Constitutions, Colonies, and Military Power in the Ancient World, eds. Vanessa Gorman & Eric Robinson (Brill, 2002), 195-225

Ross Holloway, Archaeology of Ancient Sicily (Routledge), 43-54

Fri I [No Field Trip, due to Intro Italian hours]

Tues II Jeffrey Hurwit, The Art and Culture of Early Greece 1100-480 BCE (Cornell, 1985), 179-202

Carla Antonaccio, “Hybridity and the Cultures within Greek Culture,” in The Cultures within Greek Culture, eds. Carol Dougherty & Leslie Kurke (Cambridge, 2003), 57-74

Presentations on Greek Colonies: (1) A. J. Dominguez. “Greeks in Sicily,” in Tsetskhladze (ed.), Greek Colonisation: An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas, Vol 1 (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 253-69, 292-8, (2) Dominguez. “Greeks in Sicily” 269-92, 298-311 [Basic Chronology]

Fri II Field trip to Megara Hyblaea

Anne Cordsen, “The Pastas House in Archaic Greek Sicily,” in ed. T. Fischer-Hansen, Ancient Sicily (Copenhagen, 1995), 103-21

Week III: Greek Colonization II: Syracuse

Tues III Holloway, Archaeology, 54-96

Diodorus, selections

Herodotus 3.125-37

Presentation on Epigraphy: Matt

Presentation on Temple Architecture: Tony Spawforth, The Complete Greek Temples (T&H, 2006), selections

Fri III Field Trip to Syracuse: Temples of Apollo and Athena

Jonathan Hall, “How ‘Greek’ were the Early Western Greeks?” in Greek Identity in the Western Mediterranean, K. Lomas, ed. E.J. Brill, Leiden 2004: 55-81

Formal and Iconographic Analyses: of Temple of Apollo (2 pp.) and Temple of Athena (2 pp.). Maximum 4 pages. Due Tuesday IV.

Week IV: Greek Colonization III: Naxos

Tues IV Carol Dougherty, “It’s Murder to Found a Colony,” in Cultural Poetics in Archaic Greece, eds. Leslie Kurke & Carol Dougherty (New York: OUP, 1998), 178-98

Handout of Colonization legends for Sicily; Homer, Odyssey, bks 6-9

Map Test for Sicily and S. Italy (to the colonies from Week II, add Enna, Morgantina, Segesta/Egesta, Motya, Panormos/Palermo, Lilybaeum, and then Rhegion and Western Locri)

Fri IV Field trip to Naxos

Matthew Johnson, “Culture as a System,” Archaeological Theory (Blackwell, 1999), 64-84

Week V: Colonization IV: Sicels; Gela

Tues V Franco de Angelis, Megara Hyblaia and Selinous: The Development of Two Greek City-States in Archaic Sicily (Oxford, 2003), 1-16

Carol Dougherty, “The Aristonothos Crater,” in The Cultures within Greek Culture, eds. Dougherty & Kurke (Cambridge, 2003), 35-56

Presentation on Vases: Susan Matheson, Greek Vases: A Guide to the Yale Collection (Yale, 1988), 7-22, 42-3; L. Bernabo Brea, Sicily Before the Greeks (New York,1957), 140-2, 149-52, 156-8 (present only the pottery in these sections).

Presentation on Coins: Nigel

Fri V Field Trip to Gela Museum (and acropolis)

Holloway, Archaeology, 121-40


Week VI: Development of Colonies I: Acragas and Selinunte

Tues VI Holloway, Archaeology, 97-120 [66-78]

Pindar, Olympian 3 & Pythian 6, for Theron and Xenocrates

RRR Smith “Pindar, Athletes and the Statue Habit,” in Pindar’s Poetry, Patrons and Festivals: from Archaic Greece to the Roman Empire, eds. S. Hornblower, C. Morgan (Oxford, 2006), 83-139

Presentation on Pindar: Nigel

Fri/Sat VI John Pedley, Sanctuaries and the Sacred (Cambridge, 2005), 78-118

Franco de Angelis, Megara Hyblaia and Selinous: The Development of Two Greek City-States in Archaic Sicily (Oxford, 2003), 150-63

Joint Formal and Iconographic Analysis and Comparison: of the temple of Olympian Zeus at Acragas and the Acragas Ephebe in the Museum. 3-4 pp. each. Due Tuesday VII.

Week VII: Development of Colonies II: Deinomenid Syracuse and The Theatre

Tues VII Simon Goldhill, “The Great Dionysia and Civic Ideology,” Nothing to do with Dionysos, eds. Jack Winkler & Froma Zeitlin (Princeton, 1990), 97-129

Holloway, 151-4

Aeschylus, Persae

Pindar, Pythian 1

Week IX: Development of Colonies III: The Sicilian Expedition, The New Tyrants, and Siege Defenses

Tues IX JK Davies, “The Peloponnesian War,” Democracy & Classical Greece (Harvard, 1993), 117-33

Holloway, 141-7

Eric Robinson, “Democracy in Syracuse, 466-412 B.C.,” HSCPh (Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, on JSTOR) 100 (2000): 189-205.

Thucydides, bks 6-7

Fri IX Field trip to Syracuse: Theatre (Neapolis) and Eurialo

AW Lawrence, “Archimedes and the Design of the Euryalus Fort,” JHS (Journal for Hellenic Studies, on JSTOR) 66 (1946): 99-107

JK Davies, “Philosophers, Mercenaries and Monarchs,” Democracy & Classical Greece, 174-97

Learn a couple of your favorite lines of Euripides to recite, and bring your Persae

Weeks X-XII: Phoenician and Roman Carthage; Romanization I

Tues X Aubet, “Phoenician Colonies in the Central Mediterranean The Phoenicians and the West, 2nd ed (Cambridge, 2001), 212-56

Jonathan Edmondson, “Cities and Urban Life in the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 30 BCE-250 CE,” A Companion to the Roman Empire, ed. David Potter (Malden, 2006), 250-80

Matthew Dillon & Lynda Garland, Ancient Rome: From the Early Republic to the Assassination of Julius Caesar (Routledge, 2005), selections

Presentation on Phoenician Settlement: H. G. Niemeyer, “The Phoenicians in the Mediterranean. Between Expansion & Colonisation: A Non-Greek Model of Overseas Settlement and Presence,” in ed. Tsetskhladze, Greek Colonisation, vol. 1 (Leiden: Brill, 2006), 143-68

Presentation on Roman Spectacle: David Potter, “Spectacle,” A Companion to the Roman Empire, ed. Potter (Malden, 2006), 385-408

Presentation on Hellenistic Aesthetics: Nigel

Thur X – Field Trip to Carthage, Dougga, Bulla Regia, Bardo, Segesta, Motya, Palermo and Solunto

Weds XI Katherine Dunbabin, Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World (Cambridge, 1999), 101-29

Shelby Brown, “Perspectives on Phoenician Art,” The Biblical Archaeologist (JSTOR) 55.1 (1992): 6-24

Formal and Iconographic Analysis: of any object in the Bardo. 3-4 pp. each. Due Tuesday XII.

Fri XI Field Trip around Catania, esp. the Baths of Achillianus

 Sandra Lucore, “Baths,” Oxford Encylcopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome (Oxford, University Press, Forthcoming

Week XII: Morgantina, Between Greeks, Sicels and Romans, 550-213

Tues XII Barbara Tsakirgis, “Morgantina: A Greek Town in Central Sicily,” Acta Hyperborea 6 (1995): 123-147

Barbara Tsakirgis, “The Decorated Pavements of Morgantina I: The Mosaics,” AJA (American Journal of Archaeology, on JSTOR) 93 (1989): 395-416

Holloway 147-51

Theocritus 11, 6 (with Aelian 12.44)

Map test: on Sicily and the Western Mediterranean. (To the first quiz, add: Carthage, Cervetri, Lipari, Rome, Cadiz/Gadir, Pithecoussai, Cumae, Malta, Ibiza/Ebusus, Sulcis, Massalia.)

Fri XII Field Trip to Morgantina and its Museum in Aidone

Carla Antonaccio, “Siculo-geometric and the Sikels: Identity and Material Culture in Eastern Sicily” in Greek Identity, ed. Kathryn Lomas, (Leiden: Brill, 2004): 55-81

Formal and Iconographic Analysis: of either a building at the site of Morgantina or an object in the Museum at Aidone. 4pp. Due Tuesday XIII

Week XIII: Romanization II: The Theater and Civic Development

Tues XIII Cicero, Verrines, selections

Kathryn Lomas, “Between Greece and Italy: an external perspective on culture in Roman Sicily,” in Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus, eds. Christopher Smith and John Serrati (Edinburgh, 2000), 161-73

R.J.A Wilson, “Ciceronian Sicily: an archaeological perspective,” in Sicily from Aeneas to Augustus, eds. Christopher Smith and John Serrati (Edinburgh, 2000), 134-160

Presentation on Theater Terminology: Frank Sear, Roman Theatres: An Architectural Study (Oxford, 2006), 1-10, 24-36

Fri XIII Field Trip to Taormina

Catharine Edwards, “Playing Romans: representations of actors and the theater,” in The Politics of Immorality in Ancient Rome (Cambridge, 1993), 98-136

Plautus, Poenulus

Week XIV: Romanization III: Villas and Piazza Armerina

Tues XIV Nicholas Purcell, “The Roman Villa and the Landscape of Production,” Urban Society in Roman Italy, eds. Kathryn Lomas & Tim Cornell (London, 1995), 151-79

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, Houses and Society (Princeton, 1994), 3-37

Holloway, 167-78

Presentations on Mosaics: (1) Katherine Dunbabin, Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World (Cambridge, 1999), 269-90, (2) Dunbabin, Mosaics, 291-16

Fri XIV Field Trip to Piazza Armerina

Katherine Dunbabin, Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World (Cambridge, 1999), 130-43

Pliny, Epistle 2.17

Week XV: Final Exam, with field trip Weds

The final will include both a written and a practical component. The written section will consist of some objects/texts from among the materials examined in depth in the course, to identify and comment upon at length. The practical section will consist of a final field trip, to a museum. Students will be expected to describe and discuss two artifacts, in relation to the artworks, articles and broader theoretical work of the semester.