A deciduous oak native to central and eastern U.S., it has moderate to fairly rapid growth to 80-100 feet. It has a slender and pyramidal form when young, open and round-headed at maturity. Lower branches tend to droop almost to the ground, but frequently they are cut off. Glossy, dark green leaves, with deep sinuses and bristle-pointed lobes, have brown tufts of hair on the underside near the veins. Foliage turns to a showy scarlet in the fall.