Bulgarian Art & Architecture Images from the Collection of Dr. Milka Tcherneva Bliznakov

The Visual Resources departments of Reed College, University of Virginia, and Virginia Tech have joined together to create online access to a unique collection of slides from the estate of distinguished Virginia Tech architecture professor Dr. Milka Tcherneva Bliznakov.  The collection comprises a remarkable selection of 19th and 20th Century Bulgarian art as well as a sampling of Soviet avant-garde architecture.

A selection of 550 images is now available to the Reed community via the Art & Architecture database as part of Reed Digital Collections.  Click HERE to access the images.

"The Goatherd" by Vladimir Dimitrov-Maistora

The art collection introduces the work of Bulgaria’s most prominent painters and sculptors, from the Surrealist experiments of Georges Papazoff to the relatively traditional landscapes of Nikola Tanev. This capsule history of Bulgarian art shows the progression towards the creation of a unique national style, a project of increasingly political importance as Bulgaria sought at various points throughout its history to establish its independence from mightier powers. The official political life of Bulgaria is represented by a series of monuments to various events throughout Bulgaria’s history, from the mythological past through the Tsarist period into the Soviet era, while the unofficial political atmosphere is documented in avant-garde prints and magazines and the political cartoons of Alexander Zhendov, which provide acerbic commentary on the state of early Soviet Bulgaria through the end of the second world war. This historical information is deftly conveyed by the careful selection of artists from different periods in Bulgaria’s turbulent history and the collection as a whole shows the role of art in the development of a Bulgarian national identity.

The architecture portion of the collection focuses on the activities of architects and sculptors affiliated with VKhUTEMAS, later VKhUTEIN, Moscow’s primary art school during the early Soviet period, 1921-1930, notable for its role in bringing Constructivism to prominence. The faculty of VKhUTEMAS—Tatlin, Rodchenko, El Lissitzky, Lyubov’ Popova, and others—are for the most part well known to a Western audience, but their students, many of whom went on to become prolific artists and architects in their own right, are largely unknown. This collection contains numerous examples of these students’ early work, demonstrating the remarkable range and flexibility of the VKhUTEMAS curriculum. These projects cover everything from abstract meditations on volume within space to highly detailed renderings of factories and residential complexes. Although many of these works remain firmly rooted in the realities of Russia at the time, some offer projections of a utopian Soviet future in which man will have overcome his base animal origins and cities will hover above the earth’s surface, moored to colossal airships.

Dr. Milka Tcherneva Bliznakov was a native of Varna, Bulgaria.  Bliznakov received her master’s in architecture from the State Polytechnic of Sofia, Bulgaria, in 1951 and spent the next two decades practicing architecture in Bulgaria, France, and the United States, where she immigrated to in 1961.  She received her Ph.D. in architecture from Columbia University in 1971 and started her academic career at University of Texas.  In 1974 she moved to Virginia Tech and founded the International Archive of Women in Architecture, which documents the history of women’s contributions to the built environment. It continues to collect and archive the professional papers of women architects, landscape architects, designers, architectural historians and critics, and urban planners, as well as the records of women’s architectural organizations.  Bliznakov received many honors and awards throughout her academic career, including two Fulbright Hays Fellowships, two International Research and Exchange Grants, and a National Endowment for the Arts Grant.

Online access to Dr. Milka Tcherneva Bliznakov’s collection would not have been possible without the hard work and support of Rose Lewis [‘13] and Dr. Lena M. Lencek.

For more information contact Brooke Sansosti in the Visual Resources Collection bsansost@reed.edu

Trial – China Data Service

The Library has added two new products (China Census and Spatial Data Service) for trial to accompany its current China Data Statistics database. The trial will last the week of August 19. Please contact a librarian if you have a question.

The database can be accessed: http://chinadataonline.org/

1. The Online China Census Data Service, which covers:
(15) Economic census 2004
(16) Industrial census 1995
(17) Census 1982
(18) Census 1982(10%)
(19) Census 1990
(20) Census 1995(1%)
(21) Province Census 2000
(22) County Census 2000
(23) Census 2005(1%)
(24) Advanced search

2. The China Spatial Data Service (China Geo-Explorer service II):

This new service provides easy access to many time-saving, easy-to-use, and pre-formatted summary, comparison and rank reports and maps, and allows users to quickly retrieve information for any area of Mainland China, which includes: Unlimited access to demographic and business data, maps and reports for Mainland China at various administrative levels; Efficient data integration for spatial and non-spatial data (custom radii, administrative units, spatial boundaries); Quick and accurate location analysis and spatial assessment; Identify spatial patterns and trends; Generate time-saving, easy-to-use, and customized reports; Dynamic charts, tables and maps; Export to PDF, Excel, Word, or Shape files.

Trial – PolicyMap


PolicyMap is a fully web-based Geographic Information System. It’s fast, efficient and captures data in visually powerful ways through custom demographic maps, tables, reports and our analysis tool, Analytics. You can even use our GIS mapping services to easily incorporate your own data and leverage it against the thousands of indicators already available in PolicyMap. Available data includes demographics, home sale statistics, health data, mortgage trends, school performance scores and labor data like unemployment, crime statistics and city crime rates.A complete list of data available can be found in our data directory.

Trials: Oxford Handbooks Online, Philosophy and Religion

Oxford Handbooks Online brings together the world’s leading scholars to write review essays that evaluate the current thinking on a field or topic, and make an original argument about the future direction of the debate. Oxford Handbooks are one of the most successful and cited series within scholarly publishing, containing in-depth, high-level articles by scholars at the top of their field. Through March 28, the library is offering trials of the handbooks, giving us the opportunity to preview the content before we commit the funds to subscribing to it. Your feedback is important in evaluating new electronic content & resources.

You can check the Religion & Philosophy subject areas under the “browse by subject” menu. Available on campus only.

Oxford Handbooks Online, Philosophy
43 handbooks reviewing the various questions epistemologists have asked regarding testimonial belief and knowledge, including recent scholarly content from Medieval Philosophy, Cognitive Science, Ethics, and Phenomenology.

Oxford Handbooks Online, Religion

27 books providing new essays on critical topics and emerging issues in the study of religion, complementing hundreds of essays on Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism and cross-cultural thematic studies.

Contact Angie Beiriger with questions or comments.

Shen Bao Digital Archive


Shen Bao Digital Archive

The very first newspaper in China with a Chinese editorial staff, the full-image and full-text Shen Bao Digital Archive gives unique insight into the transition of China from the nineteenth century until Mao.

Established in 1872, Shen Bao (historically transliterated as Shun Pao or Shen-pao) was the most influential and longest lasting commercial newspaper of before the establishment of the People’s Republic. Published in Shanghai until 1949, Shen Bao was founded by Englishman Ernest Major, but, uniquely, as a newspaper for Chinese readers, written by Chinese reporters. During its existence, Shen Bao gradually shifted from a conservative to a more liberal perspective, and played a pivotal role in the formation of public opinion in the imperial period and into the tumultuous beginnings of modern China. Shen Bao’s innovations in printing technologies, specialized use of the telegraph, and dispatch of special military correspondents gave it an edge, and today that valuable insight is preserved and made available in the Shen Bao Digital Archive.

The Shen Bao Digital Archive presents the complete collection of all issues, from the newspaper’s founding in 1872 to 1949 and is an invaluable research tool. Containing more than 2 million articles, the database is 100% full-text searchable and contains the full-image of each page. Both the full-text and the full-image are retrieved in a single search, and full text may be easily copied from the full-image as well.

You must access the database from the Reed campus.  Please send any feedback to
Jim Holmes

Historical Oregon Newspapers

The Oregon Digital Newspaper Program (ODNP) is an initiative to
digitize historic Oregon newspaper content and make it freely
available to the public through a keyword-searchable online database.
The initial phase of the program will concentrate on newspapers
published between 1860 and 1922, with a goal of approximately 150,000
pages freely available online in the first two years (2009-2011).

Oregon Newspapers